Onde são cultivadas, as culturas transgénicas ou geneticamente modificadas (GM) implicam maior aplicação de herbicidas, a expansão das monoculturas e o aumento de custos ao longo de toda a cadeia alimentar. Os impactos sociais, ambientais e económicos são graves – contribuindo para que pequenos agricultores percam as suas terras – e não há qualquer redução da fome no mundo. Mas quem decide se as sementes transgénicas podem ser cultivadas na Europa, e como é que são autorizadas?
Authorising GM-crops in Europe
The European Commission is about to revive talks to approve 25 new GM-crops for cultivation in Europe – including crops resistant to the herbicide RoundUp and insecticide-producing crops. These include varieties of GM maize, soybean and sugar beet. This means opening Europe’s doors to an expansion of GM-crop cultivation, and a repetition of the mistakes made in North and South America presented in this website.
At the forefront are four herbicide-tolerant maize types as well as one soybean which are currently under discussion by national government representatives; leading to a possible vote. The outcome of the votes will govern whether the European Commission decides to authorise their cultivation in Europe. For 15 years European countries have blocked the European Commission from allowing any more than two GM-crops (one GM maize and one GM potato) to be grown on Europe’s fields. Now, a clear message from countries is needed to block the approval of future GM-crops.
The decision itself will happen behind closed doors, in an opaque procedure. After European authorities on food and safety present their opinions to representatives of European countries, the vote can happen within weeks. The current procedures restrict any open discussion, and there will be little public or political debate about these major decisions.
This is why it’s so important that citizens ensure their voice is heard.
The biotech industry is staging an audacious bid to have a whole new generation of genetic engineering techniques excluded from European regulations. The pending decision of the European Commission on the regulation of these so-called 'new GMOs' represents a climax point in the ongoing below-the-radar attack by industry on GM laws.
Now the Vermont Senat decides, if it will approve the changes of the Senat. The law is supposed to enter into force in mid 2016. Vermont is the first US state that decided independently from neighbour states about GM labelling.
Lobby groups as US grocery manufactures are opposing any mandatory labelling of GM food.
The newswire Reuters quoted “Andrea Stander, a spokesperson for the Vermont Right to Know GMOs coalition, said they expect the biotech industry to sue in an attempt to stop enactment of the bill.”
Italian ministers of Agriculture, Public Health and Environment have finally signed a joint decree banning the cultivation of the genetically modified maize MON810. This is the result of a broad rejection to GM crops among public opinion and institutions all around the country. Italy is the eighth European country to approve a MON810 ban.
The pesticide industry and EU regulators have known since the 1980s and 90s that Roundup, the world's best selling herbicide, causes birth defects – but have failed to inform the public.
This report, co-authored by international scientists and researchers, reveals that the GM-industry’s own studies (including research commissioned by Monsanto) showed that Roundup’s active ingredient glyphosate causes birth defects in laboratory animals.
The report from Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) and Earth Open Source questions the independence of the European Food Safety Authority. The report explains how EFSA works, what science is used, how conflicts of interest occur, and how industry influences the agency’s work. The report aims to contribute to the debate on what changes are needed in the interest of food safety, public health and the environment.
About the Stop the Crop campaign
This website and film present some of the dangers of GM-crops, and call for people across Europe and beyond to take action to stop them. We need a future of food and farming that benefits people and planet, and not the pockets of big business. We need to stop GM-crops from spreading across Europe. You can sign up for updates and alerts opposite.